AlphaTracka II Transmissometer for turbidity monitoring
AlphaTracka II is a compact submersible transmissometer for suspended and dissolved solids. Blue, green, yellow or red light versions available.
This highly accurate transmissomter is used in a wide range of oceanographic & fresh water systems to monitor suspended and dissolved materials. It is available with optical path lengths of 5, 10 and 25cm, so that optimum results can be obtained in waters with widely differing amounts of absorption, whether caused by solutes or by suspended solids. AlphaTracka II is rated to 6000m and can be mounted on a towed underwater vehicle or used in a moored or profiling system.
Turbidity is the measurement of water clarity. The more turbid the water, the murkier it is. Turbidity can be caused by soil erosion, waste discharge, urban runoff, bottom feeders that stir up sediments and algal growth. Turbid waters become warmer as suspended particles absorb heat from sunlight, causing oxygen levels to fall. Photosynthesis decreases with lesser light, resulting in even lower oxygen levels.
- Applications and Features
- Turbidity measurements
- Suspended mass transport
- Visibility measurements
- Light attenuation
- Dual beam, ratiometric, digitally controlled signal nulling servo gives excellent long term calibration
stability with a very small temperature coefficient.
- Output linearity inherently defined by digital circuitry only.
- Minimal excitation & detection beam divergences to enhance significance of particulate measurements.
- Extremely rigid external optical chassis machined from solid titanium, which is also used for the pressure housings to give low weight and excellent corrosion resistance.
- 6000m depth rated with sapphire windows.
- Interfaces easily to a wide range of oceanographic instrumentation.
- Surface mount circuitry gives small overall diameter.
- Versions with optical path length of 5, 10 or 25cm.
- Low power consumption (150mW); accepts wide supply voltage range.
- Wavelengths 470, 565, 590, 660nm available.
AlphaTraka II uses identical electronic circuitry to that in our well received Mark I version but it is now implemented with surface-mount technology; this has enabled a much smaller diameter pressure housing to be used while retaining exactly the same optical train. Data from the Mark II version is thus fully compatible with that already obtained with the Mark I.
As before, the transmissometer still yields its full performance even when exposed to full sunlight at any angle, thereby easing deployment constraints. This capability, together with excellent long term calibration stability and very low temperature coefficient, is achieved with a modulated LED source, an internal optical reference beam and photodiode detector in a configuration giving ratiometric signal processing. The performance of this already powerful scheme is further enhanced by the two new proven developments from Chelsea Technologies Group - firstly, all items are now locked in a signal nulling loop of near infinite gain and, secondly, the signal output linearity is inherently defined by digital circuitry only.
Among other advantages noted above, these features ensure that the optical intensity, indicated by the output voltage, is accurately represented by a straight line interpolation between a reading near full-scale under known conditions and a zero reading when blanked off. The efficacy of the control servo is such that the ageing of the LED source produces a reduction of less than 0.01% of full-scale reading per 1000 hours usage.
AlphaTraka II is available with optical path lengths of 5, 10 and 25cm, so that optimum results can be obtained in waters with widely differing amounts of absorption, whether caused by solutes or by suspended solids. Moreover, these latter conditions were particularly borne in mind when designing the well collimated optics, so that there is minimum possible pick-up of scattered light which would otherwise cause the amount of particulate matter to be underestimated from the apparent optical obscuration caused.
The signal beam diameter is 15mm and a source peak wavelength of 660nm (red) is provided as standard. Optional wavelengths of 470nm (blue), 565nm (green), 590nm (yellow) are available. All typically have a source-line half-width of 20nm.
The transmissometer draws 20mA (typically) at all voltages between its rated limits of 7V to 18V DC and is protected against reverse polarity connection of the supply. Full-scale output voltage of +2.5V or +5.0V is optionally available; in both cases the output can deliver at least 5mA without perceptible performance degradation and is safe against indefinite short-circuit to ground potential; supply & signal 'lo' are internally connected. The 'warm-up' time from switch-on to rated performance is 10 sec; the step response time to 63% of final value is typically 0.2 sec. The overall temperature coefficient is <0.05%/ deg C of f.s. and calibration of the clear water reading is established to better than 0.3% accuracy in water purified and filtered by a reverse osmosis/ion exchange column.
AlphaTraka II is rated to 6000m and can be mounted on a towed underwater vehicle or used in a moored or profiling system.
This image shows the AlphaTraka II on SMHI's automatic measuring station near Läsö in the Kattegatt. This buoy system consists of oceanographic measuring instruments from 2 - 70 meters depth as well as meteorological measuring instruments at 3 meters above the sea level.
Physical Optical path length: 5cm 10cm 25cm Overall length: 320 mm 370 mm 520 mm Overall diameter: 65 mm 65 mm 65 mm Weight in air: 3.55 kg 3.6 kg 3.75 kg Weight in water: 1.9 kg 1.95 kg 2.1 kg Rated temperature: 1 deg C to 30 deg C Storage temperature: -40 deg C to +70 deg C
All instruments & support systems can be supplied by Chelsea Technologies Group
In view of our continual improvement, the designs and specifications of our products may vary from those described.