• Technical Papers

Technical Papers

Technical Papers

This page is currently under construction but if there is a technical paper listed below that you require, please contact Ellen Keegan quoting the reference number and she will send it to you.

TriLux Multi-parameter algae sensor (Chlorophyll a, Phycoerythrin, Phycocyanin & Turbidity) Ballast Water Monitoring Fast Repetition Rate Fluorometer
Optical Oceanography Towed Oceanographic Vehicles Correlation Velocity Log
Bioluminescence FerryBox Data Collection Environment Agency
General Papers Plankton Sampler LME Program
AquaTracka Fluorometer (inc
Hydrocarbon Detection)
Biofouling Nutrient Monitoring
MiniTracka Fluorometer Tryptophan-like fluorescence  Wave Monitoring



Ref No.  
1/005 Measurement of the dispersion of liquid Industrial waste discharged from the wake of a dumping vessel, by C D Byrne, R J Law, P M Hudson, J E Thain and T W Fileman.   Wat. Res. Vol. 22, No. 12, pp. 1577-1584, 1988, CM 1985/E:24, International Council for the Exploration of the Sea.
1/007 A Phytoplankton bloom and associated processes observed with a long-term moored system in Antarctic waters, by Mitsuo Fukuchi, Hiroshi Hattori, Hiroshi Sasaki, Takao Hoshiai.   Marine Ecology Progress Series, Vol. 45:  297-288, 1988.
1/009 An optical system for detection and measurement of hydrocarbon in the ocean, by VA Lawford, MJ Morgan, JP  Vessey,  JEG Wheaton.   SPIE 126917, 1990. Download pdf.
1/016 Hydrocarbon concentrations in the northern North Sea and effects on fish larvae.   Ronald Michael Stagg, Alistair McIntosh, SOAFD Marine Laboratory.   The Science of the Total Environment VOL (1996)
1/017 A response plan for deep sea blowouts in the North Sea monitoring the sub sea plume.   Jesse Uzzell and Aage Bjorn Andersen.   Det Norske Veritas AS, Environmental Advisory Services.  1999 International Oil Spill Conference.
1/018 Phytoplankton distribution and survival in the thermocline.  Jonathan  Sharples, C Mark Moore, Tom P. Rippeth, Patrick M. Holligan, David J. Hydes, Neil R. Fisher and John H. Simpson. Limnology and Oceanography  46(3), 2001, 486-496. 2001, by the American Society of Limnology and Oceanology, Inc.
1/019 Field Evaluation of Toxic Effects & Dispersion of Produced Water Discharges from North Sea Oil Platforms.  R. Stagg (Scottish Office Agriculture & Fisheries Dept, DJ Gore, GF Whale, MF Kirby, M Blackburn, S Bifield, AD McIntosh, I Vance, SA Flynn and A Foster. Produced Water2: Environmental Issues & Mitigation Technologies (1996).
1/020 Elevation of hepatic monooxygenase activity in the dab (Limanda limanda L.) in relation to environmental contamination with petroleum hydrocarbons in the northern North Sea Ronald Michael. Stagg (Scottish Office Agriculture & Fisheries Dept), Alistair McIntosh (MAFF Food Science Laboratory), Peter Mackie (MAFF Food Science Laboratory). Aquatic Toxicology 00 (1995) 1-000, 10 May 1995.
1/021 The Effects of Produced Water on Hydrocarbon Levels & on P4501A Monooxygenase Activity in fIsh Larvae in the Northern North Sea.  RM Staff, PA Gillibrand, AM McIntosh and WA Turrell, SOAFD Marine Laboratory, Produced Water2: Environmental Issues and Mitigation Technologies, 1996.
1/022 Natural Hydrocarbon Seepage on the Continental Slope to the East of Mississippi Canyon in the Northern Gulf of Mexico, Asrarur Rahman Takukder, Andrew Ross, Emma Crooke, Charlotte Stalvies, Christine Trefry, Xiubin Qi,  David Fuentes, Stephane Armand (CSIRO CESRE), Andrew Revill (CSIRO - CMAR), Vol 14, No 6, 17 June 2013, Geochemistry Geophysics Geosystems. Published by AGU and Geochemical Society.   Download pdf.

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Ref No.  
2/001 Optical measurements from underwater towed vehicles deployed from ships-of-opportunity in the North Sea, Robert Williams and J Aiken (Plymouth Marine Laboratory, Plymouth PL1 3DH).  186 / SPIE Vol. 1269 Environment & Pollution Measurement Sensors and Systems (14-15 March 1990, The Hague, The Netherlands).
2/002 The Undulating Oceanographic Recorder Mark 2: A new ship-of-opportunity ocean monitoring instrument, J Aiken (Natural Environment Research Council, Inst for Marine Environmental Research) and Grayson Wood and Jack Jossi, NMFS, Rhode Island 02882.  0197-7385/80/0000-0037 1980 IEEE.
2/003 Synoptic Surveys of the Western English Channel. The Relationships between Plankton and Hydrography, GA Robinson, J Aiken and HG Hunt (Natural Environment Research Council, Inst for Marine Environmental Research).  Journal of Plankton Research, (1986), 66, 201-218.
2/004 The Undulating Oceanographic Recorder Mark 2, Jim Aiken (Natural Environment Research Council, Inst for Marine Environmental Research).  Journal of Plankton Research, volume 3, Number 4 1981.
2/005 Optical measurements from underwater towed vehicles deployed from ships of opportunity in the North Sea, by Robert  Williams and Jim Aiken.  SPIE Vol. 1269,   Environment and Pollution Measurement Sensors and Systems (14-15 March 1990, The Hague, The Netherlands).
2/010 AquaShuttle Deployments in the North Sea by Robert  Williams and Alistair Lindley, PML, Plymouth, UK,  1991.
2/011 Evaluation of New Techniques for Monitoring and Assessing the Health of Large Marine Ecosystems.    Robert  Williams, PML.  1995   NATO ASI Series Vol. 128, Evaluating and Monitoring the Health of Large-Scale Ecosystems.
2/012 Coastal Water Quality - The NRA’s National Coastal Baseline Survey.   Nick Holden, Marine Environmental Management Review of 1994 and Future Trends, 1995, Volume 2, Paper No. 5 pp, ISBN 0 9522946 1 3.
2/013 AquaShuttle Monitors Exxon Valdez Oil Spill,  Spill Science and Technology Bulletin Vol 2,  No.1, pp. 87-91, 1995
2/014 Measurements of Upper Ocean Structure using AquaShuttle from Ships of Opportunity and research vessels.   J. Aiken, R Williams, I Bellem, R Burt.    September 1995.
2/015 Temperature, Salinity and Chlorophyll Measurement by tow vehicle AquaShuttle.   T. Ishimaru, Y. Koike, J. Yoshida, T. Sente, A Kitazawa and Y. Matuyama (Tokyo University of Fisheries)  1995
2/017 Is observed variability in the long-term results of the continuous plankton recorder survey a response to climate charge?   Phil C Reid, Benjamin Planque and Martin Edwards.   Fisheries Oceanography 7,000-000, 1998

Holistic marine monitoring in the Environment Agency, Alison M. Matthews, Environment Agency, National Centre for Environmental Data and Surveillance, Lower Bristol Road, Bath, BA2 9ES; Richard Burt, Director, Chelsea Instruments Ltd, UK.  Backscatter Magazine, August 1999. 


The Growth in Towed Undulating Vehicles for Oceanographic Data Gathering, Richard Burt, Chelsea Technologies Group. 

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Ref No.  
3/004 Frontal surveys with a towed profiling CTD measurement package (SeaSoar), by Raymond Pollard.  Nature Vol. 323, No. 6087, pp 433-435, 2 October 1986.

Fairings for Oceanographic cables and instruments:   Have we yet solved all the problems?  by Alan R Packwood, IOS.   Advances in Underwater Technology, Ocean Science and Offshore Engineering, Vol. 16: Oceanology 88.

3/007 Modern Tools for Upper Ocean Surveys by G Griffiths and R T Pollard (James Rennell Centre) Journal of Naval Science Vol. 18 No.1 pp 66-80.
3/009 Tools for Upper Ocean Surveys: Combined SeaSoar, ADCP Surveys Proved Fast Enough to Map Structures Changing on Timescales of Few Days,  by G Griffiths and R T Pollard (James Rennell Centre), Sea Technology, October 1992, pp 25-30.
3/010 SeaSoar CTD, Fluorescence and Scalar irradiance data from RRS Charles Darwin Cruises 58/59, NE Atlantic (Vivaldi 91) by S A Cunningham M J Griffiths, J Hemmings & S G Alderson et al 1992.   IOS-DL Report No. 299, 1992.
3/012 Data from the Depths by Ben Smith.    BYTE Magazine, July 1993.
3/016 Structure of the upper ocean in the western equatorial Pacific.   K J Richards, R T Pollard, Nature Vol. 350, No.6313, pp 48-50, 7th March 1991.
3/019 Changing Winds and Ocean Mixing:  Studies of the Arabian Sea Monsoon by Kenneth H. Brink, Frank Bahr.  Scientists Range the World to Study Ocean Physics  Spring/Summer 1996
3/020 SeaSoar Vehicle Control and Data Acquisition by Frank Bahr, Paul D. Fucile, Jerome P. Dean, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution Woods Hole, MA 02543.
3/021 Zooplankton Dynamics in a Mesocale Eddy-Jet System off California.   M. E. Huntley, A. Gonzalez, Y. Zhu and M. Zhou, Deep-Sea Research, October 1995
3/026 Seasoar Metamorphosis.   Lindsay Pender, Ian Helmond   CSIRO Marine Research 1998
3/027 Fibre Optic Control of an undulating platform.  Paul Fucile, Allan Gordon, Frank Bahr and Jerome Dean.   WHOI

New Survey Ships and Systems for the Royal Navy by Richard Labone, Vosper Thornycroft Ltd, Jan Haug Kristensen, Kongsberg Simrad AS, Freddy Pøhner, Kongsberg Simrad AS, Ranger Magazine, October 2001. 


Operational oceanography using the 'new' SeaSoar ocean undulator. New instrument designed to handle real-time data from multiple instruments, all transmitting up a single data link,  by J Dunning, Chelsea Technologies Group, J Allen, V Cornell, M.Moore and N.Crisp, National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, printed in April 2002 edition of Sea Technology. 


Scanning the depths, Marine Scientist, No. 1 Autumn 2002.

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Ref No.  
11/002 NuShuttle - Enhanced Undulating Vehicle. Justin Dunning, Sea Technology 1997
11/003 Diverse Applications for Underwater Undulators: Towed, undulating vehicles are used for more ocean measuring tasks: Fisheries, Oceanography, Pollution Monitoring, Defence. R Burt, Sea Technology 1995
11/004 Diverse Applications for Underwater Undulators: Towed, undulating vehicles are used for more ocean measuring tasks: Fisheries, Oceanography, Pollution Monitoring, Defence.   R Burt,  Sea Technology 1995
11/005 NuShuttle:   A towed oceanographic vehicle developed under the DTI SPUR Programme.   R Burt,  Underwater Systems Design,  Sept/Oct 1994.
11/006 A Pulse check on the Bay.   Ken Sherman - Nat. Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration,   The Providence Journal August 1998.
11/007 NOAA and Ships of Opportunity on the US Northeast Continental Shelf.   Jack W. Jossi, Robert L. Benway and Julien R. Goulet, National Maritime Fisheries Service (NOAA).   Maritimes, Volume 41, Number 1, Spring 1999. Published by University of Rhode Island's Office of  Marine Programs

Towed body magnetometer enhances sub sea surveys -  Natasja Verboom, NeSA B.V., Holland and M Morgan, J Dunning - Chelsea Instruments. International Underwater Systems Design Magazine, April 2001). 

11/09 Undulators come of age -  Richard Burt, Chelsea Instruments. International Underwater Systems Design Magazine, March 200). 
11/10 A Towed Body Sampler for Monitoring Marine Ecosystems, Mark S Berman and Kenneth Sherman, Sea Technology, September 2001. 
11/11 Cyclonic Eddy Entrains Orinoco River Plume In Eastern Caribbean, Jorge E. Corredor, Julio M. Morell, Jose M. Lopez, Jorge E. Capella, and Roy A Armstrong. Dept Marine Science, University of Puerto Rico, PO Box 908, lajas, PR 00667-0908, USA. Email . Vol 85, No 20, 18 May 2004, Pages 197-208.  Link to paper. Download pdf.
11/12 TUORs for Marine Monitoring, Justin Dunning, CTG and Dr Larry Hutchings, Chief Specialist Scientist, Ecosystem Utilisation and Conservation Section, Marine and Coastal Management, Cape Town, South Africa. Article appeared in International Ocean Systems Magazine, November/December 2005 (www.intoceansys.co.uk).   Download pdf.  
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Ref No.  
4/005 Use of bioluminescence to define geographical boundaries,  abundance and vertical distributions of dinoflagellate blooms in coastal waters;  and a description of a bioluminescence sensor by R Williams, 1991.  Download pdf.
4/007 Spatial Heterogeneity of the Bioluminescence field of the Tropical Atlantic Ocean and its relationship with the Internal Waves.   V.M. Kushnir, YuN Tokarev, R. Williams, S.A. Piontkovski, PV Evstigneev. 1986. Download pdf.
4/008 Multi-scale variability of tropical ocean zooplankton biomass.   S.A. Piontkovski., R.Williams.   International Council for the Exploration of the Sea,  J. mar. Sci. 52: 643-656, 1995
4/009 Spatial heterogeneity, biomass and size structure of plankton of the Indian Ocean: some general trends.   S.A. Piontkovski, R.Williams, T.A. Melnik.    Marine Ecology Progress Series,  Vol.117: 219-227, 1995
4/010 The Mesoscale Spatial Heterogeneity of the Open Ocean Planktonic fields.   S.A.Piontkovski, R.Williams, W.T.Peterson, O.A.Yunev, N.I.Minkina, V.L. Vladimirov, A.Blinkov.
4/011 A solid state sensor for mapping and profiling stimulated bioluminescence in the marine environment.   J. Aiken and J. Kelly, Continental Shelf Research Vol 3, No 4. pp 455 to 464, 1984. Download pdf.
4/012 Diurnal variations of dinoflagellate bioluminescence within the open-ocean north-east Atlantic, Charlotte L. J. Marcinko, John T. Allen, Alex J. Poulton, Stuar C. Painter & Adiran P. Martin. Journal of Plankton Res. (2013) 35(1): 177 – 190. F, Nov 2012.  Download pdf.
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5/005 Optical Measurements from Underwater Towed Vehicles Deployed from Ships of Opportunity in the North Sea.   R Williams, J Aiken, Plymouth Marine Laboratory, SPIE Vol. 1269 Environment ad Pollution Measurement Sensors and Systems (1990).
5/006 Optical Oceanography:  An assessment of a Towed Method,  J Aiken, I Bellan, Plymouth Marine Laboratory in Light and Life in the Sea 1990, Cambridge University Press.
5/011 Measuring Abundance and Size Distribution of Zooplankton Using the Optical Plankton Counter in Underway Mode.   C.P. Gallienne, D.B. Robins and D.A. Pilgrim.   Underwater Technology, Volume 21 Number 4.
5/012 The Measurement of optical attenuation in sea water  J P Vessey, S J Hudson, J Aiken.   Technical Paper TP0004 Sept 1997. 
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Ref No.  
6/001 Physiological Limitations on Phytoplankton Productivity in the Oceans, by Paul G. Falkowski, Richard M. Greeve and Richard J. Geider.   Oceanography Vol 5 No.2  1992
6/002 Fast Repetition Rate (FRR) Fluorometer for making in situ Measurements for Primary Productivity by Zbigniews Kolber and Paul G. Falkowski.  IEEE 0-7803-0838-7/92,  1992
6/003 Estimation of Phytoplankton photosynthesis by active fluorescence, by Paul G. Falkowski and Zbigniew Kolber.   ICES Mar. Sci. Symp. 197:92-103.   1993
6/004 Use of active fluorescence to estimate phytoplankton photosynthesis in situ, by Zbigniew Kolber and Paul G. Falkowski.  Limnol. Oceangr. 38/8), 1993 1646-1665.
6/005 Variations in chlorophyll Fluorescence yields in Phytoplankton in the Worlds Oceans, by Paul G. Falkowski and Zbigniew Kolber.   Aust. J. Plant Physiol.  1995, 22, 2, 341-55Vol.22.  1995l
6/006 Iron Limitation of phytoplankton photosynthesis in the Equatorial Pacific Ocean, by Zbigniew S. Kolber et al.   Nature Vol.371,   8 September 1994.
6/007 Contribution of Plastoquinone Quenching to Saturation Pulse-Induces rise of Chlorophyll Fluorescence in leaves.   D.M. Kramer, G. DiMarco and F. Loreto.  Department of Plant Biology, University of Illinois. CNR - Instituto de Biochimica ed Ecofisiologia Vegetali, Rome, P. Mathis (ed), Photosynthesis: from Light to Biosphere, Vol. 1, 147-150. 1995 Kluwer Academic Publishers.
6/008 BNL Instrument helps solve Mystery of Ocean Plants.   Brookhaven Bulletin VOL. 49 - No.43.  Brookhaven National Laboratory, November 1995.
6/009 Cyclic electron flow around Photosystem II in vivo.   Ondrej Prasil, Zbigniew Kolber, Joseph A Berry & Paul G. Falkowski.   Photosynthesis Research 0:  1-77, 1996.
6/010 Ironing out what controls primary production in the nutrient rich water of the open sea.    Paul G. Falkowski.   Global Change Biology (1995)  1, 161-163.(Blackwell Science Ltd)
6/011 The Atlantic Meridional Transect:  An oceanographic research programme to investigate physical, chemical, biological and optical variables of the Atlantic Ocean.   D.B. Robins and J. Aiken.  Underwater Technology, Vol. 21, No. 4, Spring 1996.
6/012 Physiological limitation of phytoplankton photosynthesis in eastern equatorial Pacific determined from variability in quantum yield of fluorescence.   Richard Greene, Zbigniew Kolber, Dorothy G. Swift, Neil W. Tindale, Paul G. Falkowski.  Limmol Oceanography, 39(5), 1994, 1061-1074, American Society of Limnology and Oceanography, Inc.
6/013 Confirmation of iron limitation of phytoplankton photosynthesis in the equatorial Pacific Ocean.   Michael J. Behrenfeld, Anthony J. Bale, Zbigniew Kolber, James Aiken, & Paul G. Falkowski.   Nature  Vol 383, 10 October 1996
6/014 Comparison of Radio-carbon and Fluorescence based (pump and probe) measurements of phytoplankton photosynthetic characteristics in the North East Atlantic Ocean, P.W. Boyd, J Aiken, Z Kolber,  Marine Ecology Progress Series, November 1994.
6/015 Fast Repetition Rate Fluorometry – A method for assessing ocean photosynthesis, Z.S. Kolber, Brookhaven Nat. Lab, 1998.
6/016 The Principle of Fast Repetition Rate Fluorometry, Z Kolder, Brookhaven National Laboratory, S Laney, Chelsea Instruments Ltd, Chelsea Instruments Technical Paper TP0003 dated August 1997. Download a copy of this paper (pdf).
6/017 Fast Repetition Rate Fluorometry – Exploring Phytoplankton Fluorescence.  S R Laney.  Sea Technology, 1996. 
6/019 Assessment of photosynthesis in a spring cyanobacterial bloom by use of a fast repetition rate Fluorometer.   D. Suggett, Gijsbert Kraay, P.Holligan, Margaret Davey, J. Aiken and R. Geider.   Limnology and Oceanography 46(4), 2001  801-810.
6/020 Detection and fore-warning of the pre-cursors to algal blooms using active fluorescence   J Attridge, Chelsea Technologies Group & J Aiken, Plymouth Marine Laboratory. Poster given at  the 2002 Plankton Productivity Conference, An appreciation of 50 Years of the Study of Production in Oceans and Lakes, Bangor, March 18-22 2002. 
6/021 Bacterial photosynthesis in surface waters of the open ocean   Z.S. Kolber, Environmental Biophysics & Molecular Ecology Program, Inst of Marine & Coastal Sciences, Rutgers University, C.L. Van Dover, R.A. Niederman and P.G. Falkowski. Nature 407, 177-179 (14 September 2000), Macmillan Publishers Ltd. 
6/022 A mesoscale phytoplankton bloom in the polar Southern Ocean stimulated by iron fertilization   Philip W Boyd (National Inst of Water & Atmosphere, Centre for Chemical & Physical Oceanography), other authors listed on the paper. Nature 407, 695-702 (12 October 2000), Macmillan Publishers Ltd.  
6/023 Effects of Iron enrichment on phytoplankton in the Southern Ocean during late summer: active fluorescence and flow cytometric analyses   R J Olson (Biology Dept, Woods Hole Oceanographic Institution, Woods Hole, MA 02543, USA),  HM Sosik, AM Chekalyuk, A Shalapyonok. Deep-Sea Research Part II, 47 (2000) 3181-3200, Pergamon Elsevier Science Ltd. 
6/024 Phytoplankton processes. Part 1: Community structure during the Southern Ocean Iron Release Experiment (SOIREE).   MP Gall (Nat. Institute of Water & Atmospheric Research Ltd NIWA), PO Box 8602, Christchurch, New Zealnd), PW Boyd, J Hall, KA Safi, H Chang. Deep-Sea Research Part II, 48 (2001) 2551-2570, Pergamon Elsevier Science Ltd. 
6/025 Applications expand for Fast Repetition Rate Fluorescence, Justin Dunning, Chelsea Technologies Group, James Fishwick, Plymouth Marine Laboratory, International Ocean Systems, March/April 2005. 
6/026 The blank can make a big difference in oceanographic measurements, John J.Cullen and Richard F Davis, Department of Oceanography, Dalhousie University, Halifax, NS B3H 3JI Canada; , . Published by the American Society of Linmology and Oceanography, Limnology and Oceanography Bulletin, Volume 12(2) June 2003.
6/027 Expanding Applications for Variable Fluorescence Fluorometers, Justin Dunning, Sales Manager, Chelsea Technologies Group, . Sea Technology Magazine, February 2010. View article.

Sophie Richier, Anna I. Macey, Nicola J. Pratt, David J. Honey, C. Mark Moore, Thomas S. Bibby, Ocean and Earth Science, National Oceanography Centre.  Abundances of Iron-Binding Photosynthetic and Nitrogen-Fixing Proteins of Trichodesmium Both in Culture and In Situ from the North Atlantic.  Plus One - 2012. Link to article. Download pdf

6/029 Oxborough, K. Moore, C.M., Suggett, D.J., Lawson, T., Chan, H.G. and Geider, R.G.   Direct estimation of functional PSII reaction centre concentration and PSII electron flux on a volume basis: a new approach to the analysis of Fast Repetition Rate fluorometry (FRRf) data. Liminology & Oceanography: Methods – 2012, 10:142-154. Link to article. Download pdf.

Using Fast Repetition Rate (FRR) fluorometry to monitor phytoplankton at the IMO D2 standard within ballast water discharge, Oxborough, K., Chan, H.G., Department of Research and Development, Chelsea Technologies Group Ltd. Download pdf.

6/031 Ballast Water Treatment - are you on course for compliance?  Article written by CTG and PSM addressing the impending legislation for Ballast Water Treatment and offering a practical solution for areas that are currently at risk of being overlooked. (Dec 2014). Download pdf.
6/032 Boyd A Mc Kew, Phillip Davey, Stewart J Finch, Jaston Hopkins, Stephane C Lefebvre, Metodi V Metodiev, Kevin Oxborough, Christine A Raines, Tracy Lawson and Richrd J Geider. The trade-off between the light-harvesting and photoprotective functions of fucoxanthin-chlorophyll proteins dominates light acclimation in Emiliania huxleyi (clone CCMP 1516, New Phytologist, 2013. Download pdf
 6/033 Amanda E Kahn, Lawrence B Cahoon, Phytoplankton Productivity and Photophysiology in the Surf Zone of Sandy Beaches in North Carolina, USA, Coastal and Estuarine Research Federation (2012) 25:1393-1400, 14 Augsut 2012. Download pdf

S. Richier, E. P. Achterberg, C. Dumousseaud,  A. J. Poulton, D. J. Suggett, T. Tyrrell, M. V. Zubkov, and C. M. Moore, Carbon cycling and phytoplankton responses within highly-replicated shipboard carbonate chemistry manipulation experiments conducted around Northwest European Shelf Seas, Biogeoscience Discuss., 11, 3489, 2014.  Link to discussion document. Download pdf


David J Suggett, Samantha Goyen, Chris Evenhuis, milan Szabo, D Pettay, Mark Warner & Peter RalphPlant Functional Biology & Climate Change Cluster, University of Technology Sydney. Functional diversity of photobiological traits within the genus Symbiodinium appears to be governed by the interaction of cell size with cladal designation,  New Phytologist, 2015. Download pdf.


T.A. Rynerarson, K. Richrdson, R.S. Lampitt, M.E. Sieracki, A.J. Poulton, M.M. Lyngsgaard, M.J Perry. Major contribution of diatom resting spores to vertical flux in the sub-polar North Atlantic, Deep-Sea Research 1 82 (20-13) 60-71). Download pdf.

6/037 Effect of biofilm on fluorescence measurements derived from fast repetition rate fluorometers,  Jagadish S. Patila, and Toshiro Sainob, Bofouling, 2015. Download pdf.
6/038 Toward autonomous measurements of photosynthetic electron transport rates: An evaluation of active fluorescence-based measurements of photochemistry. Greg M. Silsbe, Kevin Oxborough, David J. Suggett, Rodney M. Forster, Sven Ihnken, Ondrej Komarek, Evelyn Lawrenz, Ondrej Prasil, Rudiger Rottgers, Michal Sicner, Stefan G.H. Simis, Mark A. Van Dijk, Jacco C. Kromkamp, Limnology and Oceanography: Methods, 13, 2015, ASLO.  Download pdf.
6/039 Measuring phytoplankton primary production: review of existing methodologies and suggestions for a common approach, Kromkamp, J. Capuzzo, E. & Philippart, C.J.M. NIOZ, Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research. EcApRHA Deliverable – 2017. Link

“Photosynthesis and primary production in Lake Kasumigaura (Japan) monitored monthly since 1981” by Noriko Takamura & Megumi Nakagawa (Ecological Research).  Download pdf.


Blanco-Ameijeiras, S. Cosio, C. Hassler, C.S. Department for Environmental and Aquatic Sciences. Long-Term Acclimation to Iron Limitation Reveals New Insights in Metabolism Regulation of  Synechecoccus sp. PCC7002. Frontiers in Marine Science – 2017. 4:247:1-13. Link

 6/042 Deng, Y. Hu, Z. Shang, L. Peng, Q. Tang, Y.Z. Laboratory of Marine Ecology and Environmental Sciences, Institute of Oceanology. Transcriptomic Analyses of Scrippsiella trochoiea Reveals Processes Regulating Encystment and Dormancy in the Life Cycle of a Dinoflagellate, with a Particular Attention to the Role of Abscisic Acid. Frontiers in Microbiology – 2017. 8:2450:1-19. Link
 6/043 Fujise, L. Nitschke, M.R. Frommlet, J.C. Serodio, J. Woodcock, S. Ralph, P.J. Suggett, D.J. Cell Cycle Dynamics of Cultured Coral Endosymbiotic Microalgae (Symbiodinium) Across Different Types (Species) Under Alternate Light and Temperature Conditions. J. Eukaryot. Microbiol. – 2018. Accepted author manuscript. Link
 6/044 Goyen, S. Pernice, M. Szabo, M. Warner, M.E. Ralph, P.J. Suggett, D.J. A molecular physiology basis for functional diversity of hydrogen peroxide production amongst Symbiodinium spp. (Dinophyceae). Marine Biology – 2017. 164:46:3073-3075. Link
 6/045 Kromkamp, J. Capuzzo, E. & Philippart, C.J.M. NIOZ, Royal Netherlands Institute for Sea Research. Measuring phytoplankton primary production: review of existing methodologies and suggestions for a common approach. EcApRHA Deliverable – 2017. Download
 6/046 Lodeiro, P. Browning, T.J. Achterberg, E.P. Guillou, A. El-Shawawi, M.S. Ocean and Earth Science, National Oceanography Centre. Mechanisms of silver nanoparticle toxicity to the coastal marine diatom Chaetoceros curvisetus. Nature Scientific Reports – 2017. 7:10777:1-10. Link
 6/047 Ryan-Keogh, T.J. Thomalla, S.J. Mtshali, T.N. Little, H. Southern Ocean Carbon and Climate Observatory, Natural Resources and Environment. Modelled estimates of spatial variability of iron stress in the Atlantic sector of the Southern Ocean. Biogeosciences – 2017. 14:3883-3897. Link
 6/048 Trimborn, S. Thoms, S. Brenneis, T. Heiden, J.P. Beszteri, S. Bischof, K. Department of Biogeosciences, Alfred Wegner Institute for Polar and Marine Research. Two Southern Ocean diatoms are more sensitive to ocean acidification and changes in irradiance than the prymnesiophyte Phaeocystis antarctica. Physiologia Plantarum – 2017. 160:155-170. Link
6/049 David J. Suggett, C. Mark Moore, Anna E. Hickman, Richard J. Geider, Interpretation of fast repetition rate (FRR) fluorescence: signatures of phytoplankton community structure versus physiological state, Marine Ecology Progress Series, Mar Ecol Prog Ser, Vol. 376: 1–19, 2009, doi: 10.3354/meps07830, Published February 11 2009. Link, PDF
6/050 Joint European Research Infrastructure network for Coastal Observatory – Novel European eXpertise for coastal observaTories - JERICO-NEXT, June 2017
Report on the status of sensors used for measuring nutrients, biology-related optical properties, variables of the marine carbonate system, and for coastal profiling, within the JERICO network and, more generally, in the European context. Link, PDF



Using Fast Repetition Rate (FRR) fluorometry to monitor phytoplankton at the IMO D2 standard within ballast water discharge, Oxborough, K., Chan, H.G., Department of Research and Development, Chelsea Technologies Group Ltd. Download pdf.

6/031 Ballast Water Treatment - are you on course for compliance?  Article written by CTG and PSM addressing the impending legislation for Ballast Water Treatment and offering a practical solution for areas that are currently at risk of being overlooked. (Dec 2014). Download pdf.


Ref No.  
8/006 Oceanographic Instrumentation and Position Fixing systems – Instruments for Coastal Surveys.     International Underwater Systems Design,  Jan/Feb 1993
8/007 Marine Monitoring Management.   Environmental Business Magazine  March 1995.
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Ref No.  
9/001 Sustainability, biomass yields, and health of coastal ecosystems:  an ecological perspective by Kenneth Sherman.   Marine Ecology Progress Series, Vol.112:277-301, 1994.
9/002 Evaluation of new techniques for monitoring and assessing the health of large marine ecosystems by Robert Williams, Plymouth Marine Laboratory, England.   NATO ASI Series. Vol.128, 1995. Edited by D J Rapport, C L Gaudet and P Calow @ Springer-Verlag Berlin, Heidelberg.
9/003 A Spate of Red Tides Menaces Coastal Seas.   Science Times, New York Times, August 27 1966.
9/004 Modular Strategies for Assessing the Changing States of Large Marine Ecosystems by K. Sherman, A. Solow.   ICES C.M. 1996/P:2 Session P
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Ref No.  
10/001 Biofouling of Oceanographic Sensors – Is there a Solution? By M.J. Cowling, T. Hodgkiess, A. Kerr, A. Parr, M. Smith and C. Beveridge   Glasgow Marine Technology Centre.
10/002 Spectrophotometric evaluation of micro-algal fouling on marine optical windows  by S.J. Mars*+, R.M. Head+, M.J. Cowling*, T. Hodgkiess#, J. Davenport+,   * Glasgow Marine Technology Centre, +University of Marine Biological Station,# Department of Mechanical Engineering, University of Glasgow., Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science (1998)
10/003 A novel technique to prevent bacterial fouling, using imposed surface potential by  A.Kerr, T. Hodgkiess, M.J. Cowling, C.M. Beveridge, M.J. Smith, and A.C.S. Parr, Journal of Applied Microbiology 1998, 85, 1067-1072, The Society for Applied Microbiology.
10/004 Optical Assessment of a Fouling - resistant Surface (PHEMA/ Benzalkonium Chloride) after Exposure to a Marine Environment by A.C.S. Parr, M.J. Smith, C.M. Beveridge, A. Kerr, M.J. Cowling, and T.  Hodgkiess, Advanced Materials for Optics and Electronics 8, 187-193 (1998).
10/005 Some physical factors  affecting the accumulation of bio-fouling by A. Kerr, C.M. Beveridge,  M.J. Cowling, T. Hodgkiess,  A.C.S. Parr, and M.J. Smith, Journal of the Marine Biological Assoication of the UK (1999), 79, 357-359.
10/006 Effect of galvanically induced surface potentials on marine fouling by A. Kerr, T Hodgkiess, M J Cowling, M J Smith and C M Beveridge, Leters in Applied Microbiology 1999, 29, 56-60, The Society for Applied Microbiology.
10/007 Biofilm Prevention on Optics by Chlorine Compound Generation on Tin Oxide Coating by D. Festy, S. Le Bras,  M. Clegg, N. Lacotte, M. Lehaitre, R. Menlove, and P. Sebastiao, IEEE 1998.
10/010 The early stages of marine bio-fouling and its effect  on two types of optical sensors by A. Kerr, M.J. Cowling, C.M. Beveridge, M.J. Smith, A.C.S. Parr, R.M. Head,  J. Davenport, and T. Hodgkiess, Environment International, Vol. 24, No.3 pp. 331-343, 1998.
10/011 The effects of bio-fouling on imaging underwater, including possible remedies by M.J. Cowling, T. Hodgkiess,  A.C.S. Parr, M.J. Smith, A. Kerr, C. Beveridge, M. Clegg and R. Menlove, Paper presented at Applied Opt. Div. Conf. Brighton 16/3/1998.

Biofouling Reduction Strategies in the Marine Environment.  A Bibliography by Glasgow Marine Technology Centre, University of Glasgow. 

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Ref No.  

Marine Pollution: In-situ monitoring of nutrients – Richard Burt, Chelsea Instruments. Guide to the UK Environment Industry, January 2000. 


AquaSensor Nutrient Monitoring – Justin Dunning, Chelsea Instruments. Sea Technology Magazine, February 2000. 


Chelsea Instruments AquaSensor Monitors Nitrate Levels at Thames Water – Justin Dunning, Chelsea Instruments, January 2001.  

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Ref No.  
14/004 Environmental Sensing for Covert MCM Reconnaisance.   G W Neal,   CI Report 8216/3620, September 1998.

Real-time environmental monitoring of dredge spill at the Port of Jebel Ali, UAE by C Teal, N Collier and  and R Powell, Ports International (1998). 

14/006 A Simple Hemispherical, logarithmic light sensor by J. Aiken and I.Bellan, NERC, IMER, Prospect Place, Plymouth, PL1 3DH, Devon, England, SPIE Vol. 637 Ocean Optics VIII (1986) / 211-216.
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Ref No.  
16/001 Irish Sea: Southern Boundary Study (ISSBS).  C O`Kelly and R McCandliss, Marine Informatics Ireland and School of Ocean Sciences Wales.

North West Water has chosen Chelsea's  MiniTracka II Fluorometers to monior flow distributon characteristics in newly built Ultra Violet (UV) disinfection treatment plansts, Justin Dunning, CTG. 


Thames Water Install Chelsea Instruments MiniTracka II Fluorometers, Justin Dunning, Chelsea Instruments. Environment Times Case Studies for the Water Industry, October 2001. 


University of Surrey include Chelsea Instruments' MiniTracka II Fluorometers in assessments for design improvements to effluent quality, Nibis Bracho, Centre for Environmental Health Engineering , University of Surrey and Justin Dunning, Chelsea Instruments. Environment Times Case Studies for the Water Industry, October 2001. 

16/005 Shining a light on Sewage: Fluorometer has left the laboratory for the great outdoors, Justin Dunning, Mark Burgess, Laboratory News, June 2000.
16/006 Report on the Chelsea Instruments MiniTracka Fluorometer by Dr Tony Walne, SAHFOS.
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Ref No.  

A new automated plankton sampler: Development and initial sea trials, C P Gallienne, J Dunning, Poster given at 70th Anniversary of the Continuous Plankton Recorder Survey of N. Atlantic Symposium, Royal College of Physicians, Edinburgh, August 2001.


Automated plankton sampler: Development of a Moored System, TJ Dunning, CTG .

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Ref No.  

Remote Control of Unmanned Undersea Vehicles - Autopilot, Dr Henry Robinson, Dr Alison Keary, H Scientific Ltd, UK, International UUV Symposium, April 24-28, 2000 Newport, RI 02840. 

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Ref No.  
19/001 Simulation of the Correlation Velocity Log using a Computer based Acoustic Model,  Dr Alison Keary, Martyn Hill, Paul White (University of Southampton), Dr Henry Robinson, H Scientific Ltd, UK, UUST 1999.
19/002 A New Correlation Sonar Velocity Sensor (Covelia),  Dr Brian Phillips, Chelsea Technologies Group, Henry Robinson, H Scientific Ltd, Martyn Hill, University of Southampton, Oceanology International Conference 2000, England. Download pdf.
19/003 Covelia - A Correlation Sonar Velocity Sensor,  Dr Alison Keary, Dr Henry Robinson, H Scientific Ltd, UK, Dr Brian Phillips, Chelsea Technologies Group, UK, Underwater Vehicle Master Class at National Oceanography Centre, Southampton, 27 September 2001. Download pdf.
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Ref No.  

Systematic Oceanographic Data Collected by FerryBox,  David J Hydes &  Jon Campbell (National Oceanography Centre, Southampton), Justin Dunning (CTG), Sea Technology Magazine, February 2004. 


FerryBox Celebrates first year of data collection,  David J Hydes  (Southampton Oceanography Centre) and Justin Dunning (Chelsea Technologies Group). Article reproduced by kind permission of The Marine Scientist. Appeared in Issue No 10, 1Q, 2005. For further details of the publication contact:


Design, manufacture, servicing and usage of FerryBox systems,  Justin Dunning and Stephen Hand (Chelsea Technologies Group). This paper was presented at the 4th EuroGoos Conference, Brest, June 2005.  

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Tryptophan-like fluorescence

Ref No.  

In-situ tryptophan-like fluorescence: A real-time indicator of faecal contamination in drinking water supplies. JPR Sorensen, DJ Lapworth, BP Marchant, DCW Nkhuwa, S Pedley, ME Stuart, RA Bell, M Chirwa, J Kabika, M Liemisa, M Chibesa, British Geological Survey, University of Zambia, Robens Centre for Public & Environemtnal Health, University of Surrey, Lukanga Water and Sewerage company Ltd, Zambia. Water Research 81 (2015) 38-46). Download pdf.

21/002 Field-Based Tryptophan Sensor Maps Drinking Water Quality, World Water, Sept/Oct 2015.  Download pdf.
21/003 Are Sanitation interventions of a threat to drinking water supplies in rural India? An application of tryptophan-like fluorescence, JPR Sorensen, A Sadhu, G Sampath, S Sugden, S Dutta Gupta, DJ Lapwroth, BP Marchant, S Pedley.  Water Research88 (2016) 923-932. Download pdf.
21/004 Real-time detection of faecally contaminated drinking water with tryptophan-like fluorescence: defining threshold values, James P.R. Sorensen, Andy Baker, Susan A. Cumberland, Dan J. Lapworth, Alan M. MacDonald, Steve Pedley, Richard G. Taylor, Jade S.T.Ward. Science of the Total Environment 622-623 (2018), 1250-1257. Download pdf.
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Wave Monitoring

Ref No.  

A Bayesian method for improving probabilistic wave forecasts by weighting ensemble members, Dr. Quillon Harpham, 25-AUG-2016  (ENSO3764 Journal title: Environmental Modelling and Software, 2016), pp. 482-493 Download pdf.

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TriLux Multi-parameter algae sensor (Chlorophyll a, Phycoerythrin, Phycocyanin & Turbidity)

Ref No.  

Biogeochemical diversity and hot moments of GHG emissions from shallow alkaline lakes in the Pantanal of Nhecolândia, Brazil.  Biogeosciences Discuss., doi:10.5194/bg-2017-108, 2017, Journal Biogeosciences, Laurent Barbiero1, Marcos Siqueira Neto, Rosangela Rodrigues Braz1, Janaina Braga de Carmo, Ary Tavares Rezende Filho, Edmar Mazzi1, Fernando Antonio Fernandes, Sandra Regina Damatto,Plinio Barbosa de Camargo.  Download pdf.

23/002 Multisource data for seasonal variability analysis of cyanobacteria in a tropical inland aquatic environment. Marine and Freshwater Research, 2017, 68, 2344–2354, https://doi.org/10.1071/MF16259, CSIRO Publishing, Rejane Ennes Cicerelli, Maria de Lourdes B. Trindade Galo and Henrique Llacer Roig. Download pdf.
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